Aerospace Manufacturing & Fabrication

Aircraft manufacturers machine and fabricate a variety of titanium, stainless and aluminum parts. Given the complexity of aircraft, several levels of fabrication and assembly are required, although engine and landing gear assemblies may be outsourced.  Common abrasive applications include light material removal and blending or removal of machining marks from titanium and aluminum. Surface finishing of aluminum wing and fuselage components are also commonplace.

Repair and routine maintenance of aircraft parts, such as non-engine or wing components will usually involve some form of finishing, after the critical work has been completed.

Aircraft engine manufacturers, such as Pratt & Whitney or GE Aviation, use and machine exotic metals like proprietary high nickel alloys and various titanium grades. Most of the fabrication involves turbine blades, shrouds and airfoils. Refining machining marks and removing spot welds are the most common applications seen.


aerospace manufacturing
aluminum casting


Aluminum is one of the most abundant elements on earth.  Its excellent properties make it one of the most versatile materials used in manufacturing.  Aluminum is lightweight, strong, ductile, joinable, reflective, heat-conducting, electrical conducting, corrosion resistant, non-toxic, non-combustible and even recyclable.   Aluminum is made into three types of flat-rolled products classified by thickness; plate (1/4 inch or more), sheet (between 1/4 inch and .008 inch) and foil (up to .0079 inch).    It has hundreds of applications from aerospace and other forms of transportation, to construction and cooking materials.

Aluminum is made into a wide variety of products from airplanes, cars and spacecraft to computers, bike frames, cans and foil.  Many application may be involved depending on the final product.  Marine and aircraft companies will finish every aluminum part where appearance is crucial. A variety of discs are used, but semi-open PSA discs are recommended.  Aluminum fabrication involves a variety of abrasives including cut-off wheels and grinding wheels, flap discs, fiber discs, coated belts and non-woven products.


Mild Steel Fabrication

Mild steel is a type of carbon steel also known as “low carbon steel” (up to 0.3%) and essentially contains a combination of iron and carbon. It’s low carbon content makes it neither extremely ductile or brittle.   Mild steel is strong, magnetic and subject to rust if not properly coated.  Almost limitless in terms of potential end-products, mild steel’s affordability and ease of use contribute to its use in nearly any project needing vast amounts of metal.

Mild steel fabrication involves making both finished products and components.  It is the most common steel around and is everywhere you look.  From girders and beams in construction, to cars, street signs, pipelines and fences, mild steel is vastly used.  Weld removal, surface prep and deburring and cleaning and finishing processes utilize a wide range of abrasives such as cut off wheels, grinding wheels, coated belts, flap discs, fiber discs and non-woven products.


mild steel fabrication
stainless steel fabrication


Stainless Steel is a steel alloy containing a minimum of 10.5% chromium. Other elements may include iron, nickel and manganese. Stainless steel is favored for its corrosion resistance, low maintenance and luster. It does not easily rust, stain or corrode with water like ordinary steel. Milled into coils, sheets, plates, bars wire and tubing, its widely used in cookware, cutlery, household hardware, appliances, surgical instruments and industrial equipment. It is also utilized in the automotive, aerospace and construction industries. Its corrosion resistance and ability to be sterilized make it suitable for commercial kitchens and food processing plants. There are many different types and grades of stainless steel available and used where the properties of steel and corrosion resistance are necessary.

Stainless steel fabrication is an extremely diverse market with demanding applications. From ID bore polishing to flat finishing a specific Ra value, stainless fabricators follow technical requirements for their applications. The stainless fabrication industry commonly measures scratch depth and relies on the aesthetic finish of products, ranging from tanks and piping to structural components.

Food & beverage and pharmaceutical equipment fabrication is extremely specialized. Intense finishing requirements mandated by the FDA command a specific catalog of abrasive applications. Packaging machinery is similar to food, beverage and pharmaceutical equipment, due to the similarities in materials used. Industrial valves or fluid transfer valves also require FDA mandates, in which the internal tubing must meet a required finish to pass inspection.



Brass is an alloy consisting of copper (70%) and zinc (30%), however small amounts of other metals are sometimes added.   Brass is produced by melting copper together with calamine.  Nearly 90% of all brass alloys are recycled and reused. Brass has a variety of applications, and its relatively affordable cost combined with its hardness make it valuable for several functions. It is commonly used for musical instruments (such as a trumpet, tuba, trombone, and saxophone), corrosion resistant screws, and fixtures for bath, doors and windows. Its resistance to tarnishing makes it optimal for decorative and ornamental objects.


Bronze is an alloy typically composed of 60% copper and 40% tin. Its key benefits are hardness, corrosion resistance, and strength. It is stronger and harder than any other common alloy except steel. Tin makes the bronze hard and the strongest bronze alloys contain both tin and small amounts of lead. Bronze has a low melting point and is commonly used for making statues, musical instruments and bearings. Common bronze alloys expand slightly just before they set, filling in the finest details of a mold. Aluminum is often added to bronze and used in applications where resistance to corrosion is desirable such as airplane landing gear, marine engine components and underwater fastenings.


Copper is a reddish colored metal with excellent electrical and thermal conductivity. Copper is malleable and used in a wide variety of products and industries. Copper making requires a four step process including mining, milling, smelting and refining. Popular uses for copper include wire, plumbing, household fixtures, statuary, roofing, coins, cookware, flatware and musical instruments.